Reloading The .30-06 Rifle

Posted on: Wednesday January 6, 2021
Reloading The .30-06 Rifle
MD Smith

MD Smith


Reloading The .30-06 Rifle

The .30-06 Rifle

Left to right:–170 gr FN — 180 gr RN — 220 gr RN — 30-06 with 180 gr RN — 30-06 Military FMJ — 180 gr SP — 150 gr SP – Plus 2 lead 155 gr & 165 gr RNFP for plinking

(FN=Flat Nose, SP= Spire Point, HP= Hollow Point, RN= Round Nose) JHP=
Jacketed Hollow Point, FMJ=Full Metal Jacket)

ads for .30-06 Rifle: * SEE NOTE AT BOTTOM ABOUT TRAIL BOSS FOR REDUCED LOADS

Loads for .30/30 Rifle:

(Note: These are near maximum loads, you should use 10% less to start.)

(See note on Powders below or read all about variousa
Powders.)

Bullet is .308″ diameter. Lead bullets may be .309″ or 3095″ Due to different
barrel lengths, type of bullet, seating depth, primer type and other factors,
you may not get near the FPS charted. It is just a guide and the reason you
should start under these charges and work up.

100 grain Plinker (Cup Jacket with lead nose)
IMR 4895 56.0 gr. 3,276 FPS
IMR 3031 48.0 gr. 3,017
Reloader 11 50.0 gr. 3,154
2400 31.0 gr. 2,825
Trail Boss 14.5 gr. 1,716 Hi=1756, Lo=1583, ES=172 (very mild)
110 grain Plated lead RN bullet
Trail Boss 14.5 gr. 1,718 Hi=1765, Lo=1625, ES=140
110 grain JSP (Hornady Jacketed Spire Point)
IMR 4895 54.5 gr. 3,265 FPS
IMR 4895 56.0 gr. 3,303
IMR 4895 59.8 gr. 3,505 max
H-4895 51.0 gr. 3,155
H-4895 57.0 gr. 3,431 max
H-4895 54.0 gr. 3,343
IMR 3031 56.0 gr. 3,365
Reloader 7 45.0 gr. 3,145
Reloader 15 58.6 gr. 3,465
2400 30.9 gr. 2,715
H380 58.0 gr. 3,311
A2230 57.0 gr. 3,385
A2460 58.5 gr. 3,421
748 52.7 gr. 3,230
760 59.0 gr. 3,210
IMR-4064 55.0 gr. 3,263 start
IMR-4064 58.5 gr. 3.453 max
IMR-3031 51.0 gr. 3,252
IMR-3031 54.9 gr. 3,471 max
125 grain JSP (Sierra Spitzer Point)
Unique 15.9 gr. 1,866 Reduced velocity plinking load
IMR 4895 53.0 gr. 3,176 FPS
IMR 4895 53.0 gr. 3,137
IMR 4895 57.2 gr. 3,331 max
IMR 3031 49.0 gr. 3,091
IMR 3031 52.8 gr. 3,298 max
IMR 4064 53.0 gr. 3,129
IMR 4064 56.5 gr. 3,334 max
H-4895 48.0 gr. 2,977
H-4895 53.7 gr. 3,229 max
H-4895 53.0 gr. 3,176
Reloader 7 42.0 gr. 2,915
Reloader 15 56.8 gr. 3,275
2400 30.0 gr. 2,575
H380 56.0 gr. 3,151
A2230 53.3 gr. 3,172
A2460 53.5 gr. 3,125
748 51.0 gr. 3,060
760 57.8 gr. 3,125
150 grain ( Berry’s Plated RNFP bullet)
Trail Boss 16.1 gr. 1,570 Hi=1599, Lo=1520, ES=78
Trail Boss 14.5 gr. 1,424 Hi=1490, Lo=1345, ES=146
Trail Boss 16.0 gr. 1,550 Hi=1576, Lo=1500, ES=76
IMR 4895 42.5 gr. 2,506 Hi=2527, Lo=2470, ES=57
150 grain JSP (Spitzer or Spire Point)
Trail Boss 13.3 gr. 1,061 (from Hodgdon)
Trail Boss 19.0 gr. 1,477 max (mild loads)
Trail Boss 14.5 gr. 1,392 Hi=1454, Lo=1324, ES=130 (Sierra JSP)
IMR 4895 49.5 gr. 2,845 FPS
IMR 4895 48.5 gr. 2,731 (in bolt action rifle) (Hi=2791, Lo=2628, ES 162.9 fps)
IMR 4895 49.0 gr. 2,856
IMR 4895 53.0 gr. 3,009 max
IMR 4895 46.0 gr. 2,638 (Sierra JSP bullet) Hi=2699, Lo=2592, ES=107
IMR 4064 47.0 gr. 2,743
IMR 4064 51.0 gr. 2,928 max
H4895 49.0 gr. 2,932
H4895 46.0 gr. 2,806
H4895 51.0 gr. 2,976 max
IMR 3031 46.7 gr. 2,887 (2007 manual)MAXIMUM
IMR 3031 43.0 gr. 2,697 start
2400 29.4 gr. 2,330
Reloader 7 43.8 gr. 2,780
Reloader 15 53.6 gr. 3,005
H380 54.0 gr. 2,921
A-5744 29.1 gr. 2,155
A2230 49.4 gr. 2,865
A2460 49.5 gr. 2,862
748 48.0 gr. 2,810
760 54.0 gr. 2,900
Varget 50.5 gr. 2,975
Benchmark 49.5 gr. 2,944 (2007 loads)
H-335 51.5 gr. 2,982

Factory MIL OLD FMJ – 2,744 Hi=2819, Lo=2739, ES=80 (some didn’t fire at all)

Factory Greek Mil M-2 ammo Avg. 2,809 Hi=2842, Lo=2758, ES=83 Good stuff from
CMP

155 grain Lead RNFP plain base (plinking loads, reduced velocity)(Bullet
.3095″)
Trail Boss 10.0 gr. 1,256 Hi=1273, Lo=1232, ES=42
Trail Boss 10.0 gr. 1,267 Hi=1284, Lo=1251, ES=33 (different gun)
Trail Boss 11.5 gr. 1,365 Hi=1373, Lo=1355, ES=18 (GREAT load)
Trail Boss 13.0 gr. 1,456 Hi=1478, Lo=1400, ES=78
Trail Boss 14.5 gr. 1,555 Hi=1561, Lo=1540, ES=28
160 grain LEAD FP or RN Plinking (may not cycle an auto-loader)
Trail Boss 12.0 gr. 1,036 FPS minimum
Trail Boss 15.0 gr. 1,365 FPS MAXIMUM (but you can use up to 17 gr.)

(use a lead bullet with a Gas Check if you can find one)

(Sometimes extra trail boss near max does not perform as well, even lower
velocities and higher Extreme Spread)

165 grain LEAD FP or RN Plain base Plinking
Trail Boss 7.0 gr. 920
Trail Boss 8.0 gr. 1,009
Trail Boss 9.0 gr. 1,112
Trail Boss 10.0 gr. 1,141
Trail Boss 14.0 gr. 1,344

(you can use up to 17 grains, but these are fine for plinking and not lead the
barrel)

5744 22.6 gr. 1,644 a bit hot with no GC, use hard cast .309″ bullets

165 grain JSP (Spitzer or Spire Point)
IMR 4895 46.5 gr. —– FPS
IMR 4895 49.0 gr. 2,768
IMR 4895 52.0 gr. 2,888 max
IMR 4064 49.0 gr. 2,752
IMR 4064 52.5 gr. 2,901 max
H4895 43.0 gr. 2,607
H4895 47.5 gr. 2,782 max
IMR 3031 47.0 gr. 2,785
IMR 3031 45.0 gr. 2,707
IMR 3031 48.0 gr. 2,825 max
2400 29.2 gr. 2,295
Reloader 7 40.5 gr. 2,610
Reloader 15 50.5 gr. 2,835
H380 52.0 gr. 2,792
A2700 55.6 gr. 2,785
A2230 46.0 gr. 2,663
A2460 46.7 gr. 2,659
Varget 50.5 gr. 2,873
Benchmark 47.7 gr. 2,795
H335 47.0 gr. 2,749
170 grain Sierra Jacketed Flat Point (use amounts for 165 gr. bullet)
IMR 4895 46.0 gr. 2,576 Hi=2599,Lo=2533, ES=66
Trail Boss 14.5 gr. 1,298 Hi=1335m Lo=1189, ES=146
180 grain JSP (Spitzer or Spire Point) or JRN
IMR 4895 43.5 gr. 2,520 FPS
IMR 4895 45.0 gr. 2,555
IMR 4895 48.0 gr. 2,680 (2007 load from manual)(careful with this one)
Trail Boss 14.5 gr. 1,242 Hi=1262, Lo=1209, ES=53 (RNSP Jacketed bullet)
H4895 44.0 gr. 2,600
IMR 3031 44.5 gr. 2,540
IMR 4064 45.5 gr. 2,550
IMR 4064 48.7 gr. 2,700 max
H 4895 41.0 gr. 2,427
H 4895 46.0 gr. 2,683 max
2400 28.2 gr. 2,210
Reloader 7 39.8 gr. 2,505
Reloader 15 48.5 gr. 2,720
H380 51.0 gr. 2,702
H380 48.0 gr. 2,490
H380 53.0 gr. 2,682 max
H335 46.0 gr. 2,621
Varget 47.0 gr. 2,668 max
Benchmark 46.0 gr. 2,660 max
A2230 44.0 gr. 2,568
A2460 45.8 gr. 2,563
748 45.0 gr. 2,540
W760 53.0 gr. 2,725
W760 50.0 gr. 2,528
W760 55.5 gr. 2,743 max
200 grain JSP (Spitzer or Spire Point) or JRN
IMR 4895 43.0 gr. 2,445 FPS
H4895 43.5 gr. 2,421 max
IMR 3031 44.5 gr. 2,450
Reloader 12 44.8 gr. 2,440
Reloader 15 46.0 gr. 2,505
A2230 43.5 gr. 2,386
A2460 44.5 gr. 2,429
WMR 55.7 gr. 2,435
760 49.0 gr. 2,470
220 Lead cast bullet (reduced velocity)(GC desirable)
200 grain JSP (Spitzer or Spire Point) or JRN
Alliant 2400 23.8 gr. 1,818
220 grain JSP (Spitzer or Spire Point) or JRN
IMR 4895 40.5 gr. 2,230 FPS
IMR 4831 54.0 gr. 2,438 max
IMR 4831 50.0 gr. 2,275
H-4831 54.0 gr. 2,342
H-4831 57.5C gr. 2,448 max (compressed)
Varget 42.0 gr. 2,279
Varget 45.0 gr. 2,382 max
H450* 57.0 gr. 2,423
IMR 3031 42.5 gr. 2,300
A2230 42.5 gr. 2,248
A2460 43.0 gr. 2,268
WMR 55.7 gr. 2,380
W760 47.0 gr. 2,215
W760 52.0 gr. 2,408 max
W760 49.0 gr. 2,370

* use magnum primers

250 grain Barnes JRN (.308″)
H 1000 55.0 gr. 2,178
H 1000 58.0C gr. 2,281 max
H 4831 50.0 gr. 2,134
H 4831 52.5C gr. 2,237 max
H 4350 45.0 gr. 2,060
H 4350 47.5 gr. 2,156 max

* TRAIL BOSS: This is a very bulky powder originally for cowboy shooting, but
it has been found it works pretty darn good in all kinds of reduced velocity
loads for rifles, in plain or jacketed bullets. Above I have printed some of
my early test. More later. But IMR (Hodgdon) says you can fill the case with
trail boss, leaving room for bullet seating, and that’s the Maximum load. Back
off from whatever that weight is by 70% (multiply by .7) and that is your
starting load. For my 155 grain lead bullet that was 18.7 grains for a case
full (very bulky) and thus 70% was 13.0 grains. However, I saw other loads
even lighter, so I started with 10.0 grains with a 155 grain lead bullet. (see
loads above) I was very pleased with the light recoil and consistency and with
11.5 grains there was only a 18 FPS spread of all the shots. Next I will load
and post some jacketed bullets, but so far, this is fantastic plinking and
training kids and wives for a 30-06.

Discussion: IMR 3031 is a faster burning powder than IMR 4895, so you use less
of it for similar volocities. I have listed powders of Hodgdon, Alliant and
Accurate also. Use which ever you have handy. Slow burning powders generally
work better in longer barrels and heavier bullets. 30-06 Cases will stretch,
especially with hot loads, and you definitely need to check each in a case
length guage and trim off excess brass. Of course, discard any cases that show
a split anywhere on the case. For hunting at long distances with an
unobstructed view, you should choose the spire point with a soft lead tip. The
flat nose bullet is used especially in tubular fed magazines to prevent
pressure on the primer in the cartridge above it.

There are a number of other high performance bullets on the market. The
“boattail” is a very good long range target match bullet. It has very good
wind performance. If you are shooting for precision, you should weight each
powder charge and put exactly the same amount in each case. Each case should
be exactly on specs and the bullet should not be crimped into the case. (These
bullets don’t normally have a crimp ring anyhow)

There is still much military ammo on the market, including the red tipped
“Tracer” round. There is a blob of red phosphor on the back end of the bullet
that burns. You can see the red dot heading for the target. A caution: clean
the bore of the gun very good after firing tracer rounds in it. Another
military round is the armor piercing (black tipped) round. It has a hardened
steel core inside the copper jacket, and it will penetrate an engine block or
moderately heavy steel. If you can find an old junk car somewhere, it’s
interesting to see just what parts of the car it will penetrate, and how far
it will go.

Reloading The .30-06 Rifle

Actually ALL 30 cal. bullets are .308 in diameter.

#2400, Reloader 7, 11, 12, and 15 are products of Alliant (formerly Hercules)
Powders. H380, H450 and H4895 are products of Hodgdon Powders. IMR 3031 and
IMR 4895 are products of IMR (formerly DuPont) Powder Company. No. 2, No. 5,
#2230, and #2460 are products of Accurate Arms Company WMR, WSF, WSL, 760,
748, 231 and 540 are products of Winchester, Components Div.

References: Accurate Arms Co. 1996 Reloading booklet – – Alliant Powder Co.
Reloaders’ Guide (1995) – – Hodgdon’s Basic Reloaders Manual (1996) & (2007) –
– Speer Reloading Manual, #12 – – Winchester Reloading Components Manual, 14th
edition – – Lyman Piston & Revolver Reloading Handbook, 2nd edition. – –
VihtaVuori Oy Company, reloading booklet (1995) – – Numerous magazine articles
on reloading special calibers and personal loads where noted.